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Thyroid

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. Despite its size, the thyroid plays a crucial role in regulating various metabolic processes throughout the body. It produces hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which influence the rate at which cells convert nutrients into energy. These hormones are essential for maintaining proper growth, development, and overall body function. Thyroid function is controlled by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, which release thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), respectively. When the thyroid gland is stimulated by TSH, it produces T4 and T3 in response. These hormones not only impact metabolism but also affect heart rate, body temperature, digestion, and the functioning of various organs.

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